Minimal Art started in New York in 1960s and early 1970s. Significant artists of this movement are Frank Stella, Kenneth Noland, Al Held, Ellsworth Kelly, Robert Ryman and in sculpture David Smith, Anthony Caro, Tony Smith, Sol LeWitt, Carl Andre, Dan Flavin and Donald Judd.
Minimal Art is seen as a reaction to abstract expressionism. It was of great significance for the development of conceptual art and land art.
The term Minimalism was first coined in 1965 by the art critic Richard Wollheim. Minimal Art usually refers to the American art movement, but is also used for minimal / minimalist art (minimalism), such as for the European concrete art of the 1950s and 1960s
With minimalism, art is reduced by eliminating all non-essential forms, features or concepts. Thus, the minimalism is characterized mainly by diagrammatic clarity, objectivity and logic. Its simplicity characterizes the direct power of its art.
The reductive aspects related to the minimalism of the basic ideas of modernity. Its predecessors are concrete art, geometric abstraction, the Bauhaus, the De Stijl movement and the Russian Constructivism.
Minimalism is also found in Architecture of 1920s and music of the 1960s and 1970s.