Silk Screen Prints - How It's Done
A brief look at the silk screen printing process
The history of screen printing has been traced back to the Song Dynasty in China, circa 960 - 1279 CE. It is derived from traditional stenciling, which was invented over 40,000 years ago. Screen printing was first developed in the early 20th century and used in advertising. It was popularised as an artistic technique in the 1960's by American Pop artists like Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg, and Andy Warhol.
Here at SiOTT we have a selection of silk screen prints by Chrisine Calow. Christine Calow's Silk screen prints are created by hand, a process which requires painstaking attention to detail. One color is printed at a time, and several separate screens are used to produce a multicoloured designs for a very high quality result, true to the artist’s original concept for the work.
With screen printing the material is stretched over a frame to create a screen. The original image is created on transparent overlay, the overlay is placed over the screen and the screen is treated with a light reactive substance leaving a positive image of the stencil on the material. Heavy paper is then placed into the press with the screen on top, ink is then distributed across the screen to add one colour to the print.